1977 - Judge Advocate General (JAG) School, affiliated with the University of Virginia, School of Law,
Charlottesville, Virginia – Federal Labor Relations Course on labor law.
1969 - National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) formal labor law training, Washington D.C.
1968 - Juris Doctor, Washburn University School of Law, Topeka, Kansas
1965 - BA, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California